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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

About the Journal
Journal of Research in Basic and Clinical Sciences (JRBCS) is published by College of Health Sciences, Benue State University Makurdi. JRBCS is an institutional, quarterly, double-blind, peer-reviewed, online and print international journal.

Article Submission Guideline

View Guideline on Graphical Abstracts Submission

Journal Scope
Journal of Research in Basic & Clinical Sciences (JRBCS) invites high-quality research work in Basic Medical and Clinical Sciences for possible publication. We accept Papers from medical doctors in all specialties, nurses, medical laboratory scientists, radiographers, biomedical engineers, geneticists, biochemists, pharmacists, etc. This includes but not limited to: Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Haematology, Chemical Pathology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Anatomical Pathology, Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Epidemiology and Community Health, Radiology and Imaging Science, Paediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology, Ophthalmology, Psychiatry, Dermatology, Infectious diseases, Orthopaedics, Nursing science and Dermatology.

Types of manuscripts accepted by JRBCS
The following categories of manuscripts are accepted for publication.
Letter to editor/short communication
Case reports
Original research articles
Review articles
Photo Quiz

Preparation of original research manuscripts
Writing Style: An academic and scientific paper must be written using an acceptable standard of well-structured English lexis, syntax, grammar and punctuation. Authors are advised to use New Times Romans & font size 12.

Manuscripts Structure, Style & Format
Manuscripts should follow this order
Name(s) of Author(s)
Address of Author(s)
Abstract: View Guideline on Graphical Abstracts Submission
Materials & Methods
Tables, figures etc

Conflict of interests
Authors should please comply strictly with the format.

Maximum length
The text of original research articles should not exceed 4,500 words (including abstract, references, legends, tables and figures).

Unit of Measurement:
Authors are to express all measurements & quantities in SI Units.

The title should be concise and reflect the nature of the research and findings. The title should not be more than 150 characters.

Running title (optional)
Authors should provide a brief running title of not more than 40 characters.

The individuals named as authors must be those who contributed substantially to the work in terms of research conceptualisation, design, data analysis and drafting or revising of the report. Collection of data or provision of funds without contribution to intellectual content does not generally qualify an individual to be an author of an academic paper. The author(s) should provide their email addresses, full names, and institutional affiliations. The corresponding author’s contact details especially e-mail address and telephone number, should be provided.
(Email addresses of other Co-Authors should be provided in the cover letter).

The research abstract should have a maximum word count of 250. There should be no paragraphing of the abstract (unstructured abstract).

View Guideline on Graphical Abstracts Submission

A maximum of relevant 7 keywords, in alphabetical order, should be provided for indexing and coding. Terms for this may be obtained from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus except in instances where no matching words can suffice or a new terminology is being introduced.

The main body of article text
This should consist of a maximum of 4,500 words; The text should be double-spaced, sectioned into the introduction or background, materials and methods, results, discussions, conclusion, recommendation, and limitation.

This section should contain concise background information to the research, justification, hypotheses, and objectives with citation of the relevant references.

Materials and Methods
Authors should provide details of the research design, materials, and equipment used, and any other details which will permit reproduction of similar results by other researchers. An explicit description of interventions (or treatments) should be given. Subjects, inclusion and exclusion criteria must be stated. Statistical tests or tools for the analysis of data including the version of software employed must be provided.
There must be a clear demonstration that ethical clearance was obtained before the commencement of the study and all relevant regulations were followed for both human and animal studies. The anonymity of patients or diagnostic materials must be preserved.

This section must be explicit, concise and free from any form of ambiguity or unnecessary repetition. Tables and figures should be placed as much as possible, in proximity to the part of the text referring to them. Pictures must be of very good quality. All illustrative items must have an in-text reference, annotated and should contain clear descriptive legends. Please view the journal sample table & table/figure format guidelines here.

The results of the research should be discussed with particular attention to interpretation. A well-structured discussion will state the main findings, the strength, and weakness of the study in comparison with similar studies, unanswered questions, and future directions.

This provides a brief summary of key findings, implications, and future research. This should be apt and free from all ambiguity.

Significant contributors, if any, to the research, who do not qualify as authors may be acknowledged.

Conflict of interest
The author(s) must issue a statement concerning the conflict of interest in performing or reporting the research.

A Photo Quiz submission should present the findings of some relevant, interesting, and new observation pertinent to basic & clinical sciences in which a photograph is particularly useful in conveying important information and where the observation can serve as the basis for both a question and an answer.
The photograph may be of a micrograph, some other laboratory material, a clinical lesion, or the results of an imaging study.

A Photo Quiz should consist of two parts:
(i) A case presentation featuring a photograph depicting some unusual and/or informative finding.
(ii) An answer to the quiz. The case presentation and the answer must be submitted as two separate articles.

Photo Quiz case presentation.
Authors and affiliations should be listed below the title. The text in the Photo Quiz case presentation should be limited to 200 to 300 words. The header for the case presentation should read “Photo Quiz.”
Please include a photograph about (6.5 inches) wide and (4.625 inches) high. Since photos appearing with published Photo Quizzes appear on the cover of the journal, a high-resolution TIFF or EPS file is preferred.
A short legend for the photo must be provided, and the photo must be cited in the case presentation.

Answer to Photo Quiz. The text of the answer to the Photo Quiz should also be limited to 200 to 300 words. The header to the answer should read “Answer to Photo Quiz.” Four to six references may be cited at the end of the Photo Quiz answer.

Submission; The Photo Quiz case presentation should be submitted in the “Photo Quiz” manuscript category. The Photo Quiz answer should be submitted in the “Photo Quiz Answer” manuscript category.

The journal has adopted the Vancouver referencing style recommended at the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors conference in Vancouver, 1978. Because of some existing variations of Vancouver reference styles, for uniformity, the JRBCS has decided to adopt the format as presented below. Authors submitting a manuscript to JRBC are required to follow this referencing style strictly to avoid rejection of their submissions:

Text Citations
References given within the text should be in superscript number. The superscripted number, if at the end of a sentence, should be placed after the full stop. it should also be placed after a coma as the case may be. All et al should be in italic and should be followed by either a full stop or a coma, as the case may be. The actual authors can also be referred to, but the reference number must always be given.

Reference List
-General Guide
Reference list comes at the end of your document. Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in the text. List the authors’ names, starting with surnames, followed by a maximum of two initials. The initials should be in capital letters. The initials should NOT be separated with a full stop or a coma. Authors’ names should BE separated with a coma and Full stop should follow the final name.
Where there are more than six (6) authors the first 6 should be listed followed by 'et al. and a full stop.

-Specific Reference Examples

1. Referencing a journal article:

a. Print journal article references include:
Author(s) of article
Article title.
Journal title (abbreviated or full title)
Date YYYY;
Volume number
(Issue number):
Page numbers.

Example of a print journal article reference: Please note the punctuations:
7. Denning PJ, kampbell RT, John HT. Computational thinking in science. Am Sci 2017;105(2):13-17.

b. Online journal article references include:
Author(s) of the article.
Article title.
Journal title (abbreviated or full title)
Date of citation [cited YYYY MMM DD];
Volume number
(Issue number):
Page numbers.
Available from: URL

Example of an online journal article reference: Please note the punctuations:
8. Kistner S, Vollmeyer R, Burns BD, Kortenkamp U. Model development in scientific discovery learning with a computer-based physics task. Comput Human Behav [Internet]. 2016 Feb 20 [cited 2017 Feb 13]; 59: 446-455. Available from

2. Referencing a webpage:
Own by an Author or Organization
Title (give the title of the specific page you are referring to)
Give the title of the website
Place: Publisher;
Date produced YYYY MMM DD
[Date updated YYYY MMM DD; Cited YYYY MMMDD].
Available from: URL

Example Reference format of a webpage:
Author or Organisation. Title [Internet]. Place: Publisher; YYYY MMM DD [cited YYYY MMM DD]. Available from: URL
Example Reference format of a webpage with an organization as an author:

10. NASA. Journey to Mars [Internet]. Washington: NASA: 2016 Sep 30 [cited 2017 Feb 13]. Available from: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/journeytomars/index.html
Example Reference format of a webpage with an individual as an author: e.g
9. Jones C. Solar system facts [Internet]. Space Facts; 2017 [cited 2017 Feb 13]. Available from: http://space-facts.com/solar-system/

3. (a) Referencing a Print Book
Author(s) / Editor(s).
Place of Publication:
Date of Publication.

3. Susskind L, Hrabovsky G. The theoretical minimum: what you need to know to start doing physics. London: Allen Lane; 2013. 256p.

3. (b) Referencing an E-book:
Author(s) / Editor(s).
Title [Internet].
Place of Publication:
Date of Publication.
Available from: URL

4. Bonitz M, Lopez J, Becker K, Thomsen H, editors. Complex plasmas: scientific challenges and technological opportunities [Internet]. New York: Springer; 2014. 491 p. Available from: http://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-3-319-05437-7

4. (a) Referencing a chapter in an edited book
Author(s) of the chapter.
Title of chapter.
Author / Editor(s) of book.
Title of book.
Place of Publication: Publisher;
Chapter pagination.

5. Kelsey S. Aristotle on interpreting nature. In: Leunissen M, editor. Aristotle's physics: a critical guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2015. 31-45 p.

4. (b.) Referencing a chapter in an E-book
Author(s) of the chapter.
Year of Publication.
Author / Editor(s) of book.
Title of book [Internet]
Place of Publication: Publisher; Year.
Chapter pagination.
Available from: URL.

6. Watermann T, Scherrer A, Sebastiani D. Linear response methods in quantum chemistry. In: Bach V, Delle Site L, editors. Many-electron approaches in physics, chemistry, and mathematics: a multidisciplinary approach [Internet]. New York: Springer; 2014.
97-110 p. Available from

5. Citation from unpublished work
5. Eke B. Evaluation of the frequency of abdominal surgeries at Benue State University Teaching Hospital Makurdi Nigeria. Ph.D. Thesis, 2017, Benue State University Makurdi Nigeria. 253pp.

Plagiarism checks
Author(s) of scientific papers are expected to be thoroughly familiar with all regulations concerning plagiarism. Papers would be subjected to plagiarism checks by the Section Editor on submission to the journal before the peer review process, and the outcome may be communicated to the Author(s).

Article submission
Articles may be submitted online here at http://jrbcs.org to the Editor-in-Chief (see below) or as an email attachment to editor@jrbcs.org 
In conformity with acceptable international standards, articles submitted to the journal should not have been submitted for peer–review in another journal simultaneously, nor previously published. This is vital for the assurance of originality of research reports, prevention of duplication of research data and confidence of the scientific audience. A research report submitted simultaneously to two journals or submitted twice for publication will attract appropriate sanctions.

View Guideline on Graphical Abstracts Submission

Cover Letter
Each submission should be accompanied by a cover letter in a Microsoft Word file. The cover letter should include the corresponding author's full address and telephone numbers. The letter shall be written by the first author & approved by all the authors. The content of the letter should include, a statement that:

1. The research is original and has not been submitted or accepted for publication elsewhere;
2. Potential conflict(s) of interest(s) do or do not exist;
3. The manuscript has been read and approved by all the authors.
4. E-mail addresses of all Co-Authors should be included.

Peer review process
On receipt of manuscripts by JRBCS, the article is immediately passed to the Section Editor who will read and subject it to plagiarism check. Once the article is considered potentially fit for publication, the editor will send it to two or more reviewers who are experts in that field. After this stage, an article with statistical analysis will be examined by a statistician. The article will then be subjected to editorial revision by the JRBCS. Those considered for publication, but requiring some corrections will be sent to the author for further revision. Rejected articles will be communicated to authors with reasons.
Authors will be notified of the review progress within 28 days. Peer–review recommendations will be communicated to the author(s) at six weeks. Where this is not possible, a notice will be issued and the reasons for delay will be provided. For a research work considered by the reviewers to be fit for publication but with a sub-standard manuscript, major or minor revisions may be requested. Authors may then be required to consider, accept or reject recommendations, elucidate on a particular aspect of the research or consider the option to completely rewrite the manuscript. Authors should note that although the journal is not inclined to reject the publication of a well conceptualised and conducted high-quality research simply on the basis of a poorly written report, the journal places a high premium on the comments provided by the peer-reviewers when making final editorial decisions.

The author is solely responsible for the content & accuracy of the submitted & published manuscript, including its compliance with relevant laws or regulations. By submitting to jrbcs, once published, the author has granted the journal (jrbcs) and the publishers a royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, non-exclusive right and license to publish, post, reformat, index, archive, make available and link to such Submission in all forms and media (whether now known or later developed), and to permit others to do so.

1. I have read the guideline
2. JRBCS accepts the type of article (scope)
3. Order of manuscript structure was followed
4. Strictly complied with Vancouver referencing style as provided in the guideline.
5. Tables are drawn with standard MS Word table tool. ( NOT images, line tables or stylish coloured tables)
6. Tables and figures are easily editable.
7. Email addresses of all co-authors were included in the cover letter.

Please note that failure to fully comply with this checklist may lead to immediate rejection of your manuscript.

Editorial Office
All correspondences, including Article Submissions & Journal subscriptions, should be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief or as an e-mail attachment to editor@jrbcs.org

Prof. Godwin T. Jombo
Dept. of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University,
P.M.B 102119, Makurdi, Nigeria.
E-mail: editor@jrbcs.org Tel: +2348039726398


Associate Editor
Dept. of Haematology & Blood Transfusion,
College of Health Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.

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