Community-based Evaluation of Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease among Rural Dwellers in Bauchi, North-eastern Nigeria
The incidence and prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing worldwide, this increase in incidence is associated with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Data on the prevalence of CKD and its associated risk factors are mainly derived from hospital-based studies with few community-based studies which are necessary for early interventions to reduce the high morbidity and mortality associated with the disease. This community-based study evaluates the risk factors for CKD among rural dwellers in Bauchi. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was employed to collect demographic variables as well as medical history of hypertension, diabetes, obesity, use of analgesics, and herbal medicine usage. Respondents also had measurement of their Height, weight, Blood Pressure, Random blood glucose and urinalysis. A total of 114 adults (88 males and 26 females) were screened for assessment of these risk factors. The mean age of the respondents was 38.89±15.737 years with a range of 14 to 80 years. Family history of hypertension, diabetes, obesity and CKD was found in 11.1%, 42%, 35.9% and 21% respectively. About one third of the respondents admitted use of herbal medications while 31.6% had a history of significant analgesic consumption. The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes was 34.2% and 5.3% respectively in the respondents while the prevalence of obesity and overweight was 5.3% and 20% respectively. The prevalence of risk factors of CKD is high in the community; effective control of these risk factors will help in reducing the number of CKD patients.
Copyright (c) 2019 A Abdu, IM Maigari, MS Umar
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