Comorbidity Profiles of Elderly Patients in a Psychiatric Outpatient Unit of Jos University Teaching Hospital, Plateau State, Nigeria

  • CG Piwuna Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos.
  • TO Piwuna 1DepartDepartment of hematology and Blood Transfusion, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos.
  • CN Nwoga Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos.
  • A Obadeji Department of Psychiatry College of Health Sciences, Ekiti State University
  • MI Ojeahere Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos.
Keywords: Comorbidity, Elderly patients, Psychiatric disorders

Abstract

This study set out to identify the presence of comorbid conditions and its demographic correlates in elderly patients who were 60 years and above. The target population was new patients presenting for the first time in the Psychogeriatric unit of the teaching hospital. This was a cross sectional descriptive study, using the non-probability method of sampling. Information on demographics, main diagnosis, comorbidity, informant and sources of referral was accessed from the hospital records of the patient. The diagnosis included dementias (39.2%), late onset schizophrenia (37.3%) and depression (7.8%). Cardiovascular diseases ranked the highest (23.5%), diabetes (7.8%) and psychiatric comorbidities (5.9%). Most were male (56%), married with some level of education, only (33%) had no formal education. Moreover, education was significantly related to the occurrence of comorbidities (P=0.022) as well as duration before presentation (p=0.043). Physical comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes are common among elderly psychiatric patients. Level of education and duration of the illness before presentation at the hospital significantly affects comorbidity in the study sample.

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Published
2019-12-07
How to Cite
Piwuna, C., Piwuna, T., Nwoga, C., Obadeji, A., & Ojeahere , M. (2019). Comorbidity Profiles of Elderly Patients in a Psychiatric Outpatient Unit of Jos University Teaching Hospital, Plateau State, Nigeria. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN BASIC AND CLINICAL SCIENCES, 1(4), 277-282. Retrieved from http://jrbcs.org/index.php/jrbcs/article/view/49