Breast Cancer Histological Pattern in Makurdi, Nigeria

  • AR Vhriterhire Department of Anatomical Pathology, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.
  • AJ Ngbea Department of Anatomical Pathology, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.
  • OI Akpor Department of Anatomical Pathology, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.
  • AB Ojo Department of Anatomical Pathology, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.
  • AB Eke Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.
Keywords: Breast cancer, Cancer burden, Cancer types, Invasive ductal carcinoma

Abstract

The scourge of cancer of the breast has remained a colossal burden to most regions in sub-Sahara Africa and obtaining reliable and accurate incidence data from the regions has been a challenge. This research determined the histological pattern of breast cancer in the north-central region and identified variations when compared with findings from other regions. A retrospective analysis of all the breast cancer samples obtained in the histopathology laboratory of a tertiary hospital in north-central Nigeria was carried out. There were 204 (43.2%) histologically confirmed malignant cases out of the 472 breast samples. The highest incidence was in the 5th decade and there was a mean of 44.2±12.3 years. Women less than 35 years old constituted 22.1% (n=45). Invasive ductal carcinoma was the most common constituting at 85.3% (174/204). The less common histological types included invasive lobular carcinoma, mucinous carcinoma, apocrine carcinoma, tubular carcinoma, etc, with the incidence ranging from 3.9% (8/204) to 0.5 (1/204). The burden of breast cancer is high in north-central Nigeria, particularly in young adults. Invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common histological type.

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Published
2019-12-07
How to Cite
Vhriterhire, A., Ngbea, A., Akpor, O., Ojo, A., & Eke, A. (2019). Breast Cancer Histological Pattern in Makurdi, Nigeria. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN BASIC AND CLINICAL SCIENCES, 1(4), 297-302. Retrieved from http://jrbcs.org/index.php/jrbcs/article/view/63