Breast Cancer Histological Pattern in Makurdi, Nigeria
The scourge of cancer of the breast has remained a colossal burden to most regions in sub-Sahara Africa and obtaining reliable and accurate incidence data from the regions has been a challenge. This research determined the histological pattern of breast cancer in the north-central region and identified variations when compared with findings from other regions. A retrospective analysis of all the breast cancer samples obtained in the histopathology laboratory of a tertiary hospital in north-central Nigeria was carried out. There were 204 (43.2%) histologically confirmed malignant cases out of the 472 breast samples. The highest incidence was in the 5th decade and there was a mean of 44.2±12.3 years. Women less than 35 years old constituted 22.1% (n=45). Invasive ductal carcinoma was the most common constituting at 85.3% (174/204). The less common histological types included invasive lobular carcinoma, mucinous carcinoma, apocrine carcinoma, tubular carcinoma, etc, with the incidence ranging from 3.9% (8/204) to 0.5 (1/204). The burden of breast cancer is high in north-central Nigeria, particularly in young adults. Invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common histological type.
Copyright (c) 2019 Vhriterhire A. Raymond, Ngbea A. Joseph, Akpor O. Isaac, Ojo A. Babarinde, Eke A. Barnabas
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